sobota, 1 czerwca 2019

Cold War rebel leader reburied after 17 years

Cold War rebel leader reburied after 17 years

Pallbearers guard the coffin of Jonas Savimbi, a former leader of the UNITA movement, as it is carried during the reburial of the remains on June 1, 2019, in his home village of Lopitanga, near the town of Andulo, in Bie Province in AngolaImage copyright

Jonas Savimbi, known as the “black rooster”, was an extremely divisive figure

The former leader of Angola’s Unita rebel group, Jonas Savimbi, is being reburied 17 years after his death.
Thousands of former Unita fighters wearing white T-shirts emblazoned with images of Mr Savimbi attended the ceremony in his home village of Lopitanga.
His 2002 death brought an end to one of Africa’s longest civil wars.
His remains were finally handed over to his family on Friday following confusion earlier in the week.
Unita says the funeral ceremony will be an important step towards national reconciliation in the oil-rich nation.
However, no government representatives were present at the ceremony, reports the AFP news agency.
His coffin was draped in Unita’s green and red flag.
Angola was a Cold War battleground, with the US and apartheid South Africa backing Unita, while the governing MPLA received support from the former Soviet Union and Cuba.
At least 500,000 people died in the 27-year conflict.

Who was Jonas Savimbi?

Savimbi, known as the “black rooster”, was an extremely divisive figure.
He was accused of widespread atrocities but was also a charismatic leader revered by thousands.
He was killed by government soldiers in 2002 and was hurriedly buried in a cemetery in the central town of Luena. His grave was marked by a cross of iron on a mound of red soil, AFP reports.
He will be buried near his father.
His family and Unita officials had demanded his reburial for many years to no avail.
The impasse was broken after his long-time foe, Jose Eduardo dos Santos, stepped down as president in 2017.
His successor, Joao Lourenco, agreed to their demands and his body was exhumed earlier this year, with DNA tests confirming his identity.
Durão Sakaíta, one of Savimbi’s eldest sons, told the Lusa news agency that the family would “finally be at peace” after he was reburied.

Savimbi timeline:

  • Founded Unita movement in 1966 in eastern Angola
  • Abandoned his medical studies in Portugal to join anti-colonial struggle
  • Despite Angola’s independence in 1975, Unita continues to fight the government
  • Savimbi considered himself leader of Angola’s struggle against communism
  • He received strong support from the US and met President Reagan at the White House in 1986
  • His death in 2002 was celebrated in the capital, Luanda 

Cold War rebel leader reburied after 17 years

Can Cardinals coach Kliff Kingsbury succeed where other college coaches failed?

Can Cardinals coach Kliff Kingsbury succeed where other college coaches failed?

TEMPE, Ariz. — What Kliff Kingsbury is doing — going from college head coach at Texas Tech directly to the NFL as head coach of the Arizona Cardinals — isn’t new.
But there’s a reason why Kingsbury is just the 12th head coach to make the jump since 2000 and why he’s the first since Bill O’Brien left Penn State in 2014 to take over the Houston Texans.
“There’s a huge, gigantic learning curve,” said Butch Davis, who jumped from the Miami Hurricanes to the Cleveland Browns in 2001. “You got to get in all the different things: contracts, free agency, the salary cap.”

And that’s coming from a coach who knew what he was getting into, having spent six seasons as a Dallas Cowboys assistant, including his last two as defensive coordinator.
It’s still early for Kingsbury, who was the head coach at Texas Tech for six seasons before getting fired in November. But making the move from college to the pros isn’t an easy transition — just ask his predecessors.
“If you got a good job in college, you’re going to be favored, out of 12 games, eight or so,” said Steve Spurrier, who ended a successful run at the University of Florida to take the Washington Redskins job in 2002. “Shoot, Alabama would be favored in every one of them. In the NFL, every game is sort of a toss-up. If you can win almost all your close games, you’ll do very well if you got a pretty good team.”
Of the 11 coaches who made the jump from colleges to the pros since 2000, only Chip Kelly and Spurrier were without previous coaching experience in the NFL — though Spurrier was the head coach of the USFL’s Tampa Bay Bandits from 1983-85.
Kingsbury has played in the league, but he’s never coached a snap there.
“To me, it’s a different transition,” said Seattle Seahawks coach Pete Carroll, who left USC for the Seahawks in 2010, of Kingsbury. “If you’ve been in the league and coached in the league and then you go to college and come back, it’s different. This is the maximum challenge for him, and he’s a great ball coach and he’s got a great system and all, and I’m sure that it won’t be something he can’t handle.
“But when you haven’t been in the league, there’s just some unique things about the makeup of the way things work and the timeframes and all of that that you have to get adjusted to, the rules are different, how we can coach guys and all that. There’s just a lot to acclimate to.”

Transitioning on and off the field

The on-field part of Kingsbury’s job may actually be the easiest.
Dennis Erickson, the former University of Miami, Seahawks and San Francisco 49ers coach, said NFL teams are running more college concepts than ever before. That may give Kingsbury, who’ll bring his version of the Air Raid to the Cardinals, an advantage.
Kingsbury’s college coach, current Washington State coach Mike Leach, doesn’t buy the argument that Kingsbury will have to adapt to the NFL schematically at all.
“OK, first off of all, I think there’s a couple of things: All this adapting, adapting, adapting, like the NFL is somehow some very special experience and you somehow need extremely special plays to play and all this other stuff,” Leach told ESPN. “Well, that’s a bunch of baloney and always has been. And that’s just a bunch of NFL guys patting their own self on the back, pretending something’s true when it’s not, because I’ve seen some very mediocre coaches from college go and have quite a lot of success in the NFL, but I think that all this, ‘Well it needs to be this type of play or otherwise it doesn’t work it in the NFL.’
“Well, think about how ridiculous that is.”
Kingsbury has been facing questions about his offense from the moment he was hired. His critics don’t think a college-style Air Raid offense can work. But Kingsbury hasn’t revealed a lot about how he’ll run his offense in the pros. He gave a hint — or at least planted the seeds of deception — last week when he said it’s not going to be wide open on every single snap.
Regardless of how Kingsbury runs the offense, Davis said weekly game planning can be easier than in college. In the NFL, he said, each team runs a variation of what everyone else runs, making it less of a challenge to prepare in just a few days. In college, Davis pointed out, each week can offer a totally different style of football, from the wishbone to no-huddle to 3-yards-and-a-cloud-of-dust.
“All this adapting, adapting, adapting, like the NFL is somehow some very special experience and you somehow need extremely special plays to play and all this other stuff. Well, that’s a bunch of baloney and always has been.”
Washington State coach Mike Leach
Kingsbury also won’t have any limitations with his players. At Texas Tech, he was allowed to be with his players 20 hours per week, four hours per day. That limit, O’Brien said, handcuffs coaches’ ability to develop players and install detailed playbooks. In the NFL, a coach may spend four hours with them before lunch on a Monday.
Jumping from college to the NFL also relieves Kingsbury of one of the fundamental aspects of being a college coach: recruiting. That, in addition to not having any of the peripheral responsibilities that accompany representing a school’s football team, such as fundraising and meeting donors, has opened up Kingsbury’s schedule so he can just focus on football.
“That’s a huge plus for me,” Kingsbury said. “I enjoyed all aspects of being a head coach in college, but the recruiting, that’s the lifeblood of any program. That should be your focus. That may not have been my focus at times as much as it should’ve been because I wanted to coach the quarterbacks and be in the X’s and O’s and study other offenses.
“Now I get to do that and make that first and foremost, and it’s been good.”
Kingsbury will be trying to emulate the work that O’Brien — one of the few coaches who made the college-to-pro jump successfully — has done. He’s 42-38 in five seasons with the Texans after going 15-9 at Penn State. Only three other coaches who jumped from college to the NFL since 2000 had career winning records. By the time he landed in Houston, O’Brien had a deep understanding of how NFL and college players thought, having coached in New England from 2007-2011.
“The big adjustment in pro football is you’re coaching guys — in your team meeting room, you have a range of ages — but you have guys in there with families, that are married with kids, they’re getting paid to play the game,” O’Brien said. “I think when you put that factor in, guys that are receiving paychecks to play the game, trying to take care of their families, and these guys only have a short window to play the game. That’s a whole different, other set of circumstances relative to coaching a college guy that’s 17, 18, 19, 20 years old that you’re not paying and things like that. I think there’s some adjustments. I love both levels. I love college. I love pro football.”
One area Kingsbury may have an advantage, Davis said, is that he didn’t come from one of the Cadillacs of college football.

At Texas Tech, Kingsbury didn’t have the facilities of an Oregon, the gravitas of an Alabama or the resources of a USC. The playing field in college is unbalanced, Davis pointed out. And for someone like Kingsbury, who had to rely on his talent evaluation more than his resources to attract players to Lubbock, Texas, the transition to the NFL could be easier.
“To be honest with you, the guys that succeed in college that go up, they better be great evaluators of talent,” Davis said. “When they see a guy and they say, ‘You know what? He fits in my scheme. Other teams may not like him, but with what we’re going to do, this guy’s going to help us win games.'”
When Jacksonville Jaguars coach Doug Marrone left the New Orleans Saints in 2008 after three years as their offensive coordinator to become Syracuse’s head coach, a lot of people told him he should stay in the NFL. He always responded the same way: If I can be a good coach in college, why wouldn’t I get a job in the NFL? Besides, Marrone said, his time at Syracuse familiarized him with the next generation of young men.
“It gave me a better insight into what’s going on with the players, who’s involved in their lives, how those things changed — social media — at a much younger age,” Marrone said. “So, I think I was able to take those experiences and have them help me be a better communicator with some of the players, where, if not, I would have been in my own little world. I mean, I don’t like using a phone. I don’t like text messaging. It’s something I do as a necessity, not as something that I look forward to.”
Kingsbury is no stranger to the world of younger players and is already taking steps to relate to them. He gives the Cardinals breaks during meetings every 20 to 30 minutes to let him check their phones, go to the bathroom, get something to eat or drink, or do whatever NFL players get antsy to do. It’s something he started doing at Texas Tech when he saw signs that players were losing focus.
“I’ve worked with a bunch of young men who went on to play [in the NFL],” Kingsbury said. “And the average age is 25 now, so it’s a little bit of a different dynamic, I think. So, there will be some adjustments, no question, but as far as a wholesale, ‘Hey, you have to talk to people differently or do things differently,’ that’s not really the approach I’m taking.”
But he may have to in some instances, according to his new defensive coordinator Vance Joseph.
“In college, the coach has most of the control, so the players are compliant by nature because you control this kid’s future,” said Joseph, who was a college assistant for the first six years of his coaching career before moving into the NFL. “In the league, it’s not that way. It’s a player-driven league. They have the power. It’s really about relationships. You can’t bully him into playing. Here, they have to want to play for you. They don’t have to. They don’t have to play for you, but they have to want to play.
“It’s a partnership, and that’s strange sometimes for college coaches.”

Would they do it again?

Spurrier, with the aid of hindsight, believes he tried his hand at the wrong NFL job. He won 12 games in two years and was fired after the 2003 season.
“I went to the wrong place,” Spurrier said. “I thought I was going to get a general manager, and I got the owner as the general manager, and the personnel director ended up being the quarterback coach because he picked the quarterbacks the second year I was at the Washington Redskins. And I did a sorry job also. That’s my story. I did a sorry job, and I needed to get out of there, so I got out.”
For years, especially in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, college coaches believed if they did well, the NFL was the natural next step, Spurrier said.
The Super Bowl was the “No. 1 apple in the sky” for coaches of a certain generation, Erickson said.
But the NFL isn’t that alluring anymore.
One reason Erickson left Miami was because of the raise he received from the Seahawks. Davis made four times his Miami salary with the Browns.

These days, Spurrier said, college coaches — at least in the top tier — make more than NFL coaches. That’s partly why no college coach had jumped to the NFL in the past five years.
“There’s no need to go to the NFL,” Spurrier said. “And the NFL is more fair. It’s a lot more fair than college ball, as we know.
“Guys have good jobs in college, and I just think they’ll be smart to stay in a good job in college.”
So looking back, did they make the right decision to jump from college football to the NFL?
“If I had to do it all over again,” Erickson said, “I would never have left college football.”

Can Cardinals coach Kliff Kingsbury succeed where other college coaches failed?

Virginia city names mass shooting victims

Media captionThose killed leave a void, Virginia Beach manager Dave Hansen said
Officials in the US city of Virginia Beach have named the 12 people killed by a gunman who went on a rampage in a municipal building on Friday.
City manager Dave Hansen said the victims – 11 local authority workers and one contractor – “leave a void we will never be able to fill”.
The gunman shot indiscriminately before dying in a gun battle with police.
He has been identified as DeWayne Craddock and described by police as a disgruntled city employee.
Authorities said they would only refer to him by name once, in order to focus attention on the victims.

What is known about the victims?

The municipal workers killed were Laquita Brown; Tara Gallagher; Mary Louise Gayle; Alexander Gusev; Katherine Nixon; Richard Nettleton; Christopher Kelly Rapp; Ryan Keith Cox; Joshua Hardy; Michelle Langer and Robert Williams.
Robert Williams had worked for the authority for 41 years, the news conference was told, while Christopher Rapp had been there for only 11 months.
The contractor was identified as Herbert Snelling.
“Today we all grieve,” Mr Hansen said.
At least four people are known to have been wounded, including a police officer whose life was saved by his bulletproof vest.

What about the gunman?

Police said DeWayne Craddock, 40, had been employed as an engineer with the city’s public utilities department for 15 years.
According to AP news agency he had served in the military and was described by neighbours as quiet and “rarely smiling”.
Virginia Beach Police Chief James Cervera declined to comment on a motive for the shooting. He said the gunman had been armed with a .45-calibre semi-automatic pistol equipped with a sound suppressor and high-capacity magazines.
CNN says DeWayne Craddock is listed on department press releases as a point of contact for information on local road projects.

How did the shooting unfold?

The attack began shortly after 16:00 (20:00 GMT), at Virginia Beach Municipal Center. The area was put into lockdown by police and employees were evacuated.
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media captionVirginia Beach witness: ‘We barricaded the door’
One of the victims was shot outside in a car and the rest were found over three floors of the government building.
Four officers entered the building, located the gunman and engaged him, police said. The attacker was then shot dead.

The shooting was at Building 2 in Virginia Beach Municipal Center
According to US tracking website Gun Violence Archive, the incident is the 150th mass shooting in the US so far in 2019.
The site defines a mass shooting as a gun attack in which at least four people are either killed or wounded.
Virginia city names mass shooting victims

niedziela, 26 maja 2019

Papua New Guinea prime minister resigns

Papua New Guinea prime minister resigns

Venezuela crisis: Talks to resume in Oslo

Previous attempts at mediation between the two Venezuelan sides have failed

Representatives of Venezuela’s government and opposition are returning to Norway’s capital, Oslo, for talks on how to address the political crisis.
The meeting, scheduled for next week, was confirmed by Norway’s government, which reiterated its commitment to helping to find a solution.
Discussions were held there earlier this month, but the opposition says there were no face-to-face meetings.
Venezuela has been in political crisis for months amid a power struggle.
Opposition leader Juan Guaidó declared himself interim president in January, arguing that the presidency was vacant because Nicolás Maduro’s re-election last year was “illegitimate”.
But Mr Maduro has refused to cede power.

What do we know about the talks?

Norway’s foreign ministry released a statement saying the “main political actors in Venezuela” would take part in the discussions, as it reiterated its commitment to “supporting the search for an agreed-upon solution” to the crisis.
Preliminary discussions, with each side talking separately with Norwegian officials, were held earlier this month.
Mr Guaidó confirmed in a statement that his representatives “will talk with both the Norwegian government and with representatives of the regime” in the upcoming discussions.
The opposition delegation will be headed by deputy parliament speaker Stalin Gonzalez and former Caracas area Mayor Gerardo Blyde, both of whom were involved in the initial talks, he said.
Venezuelan Communications Minister Jorge Rodriguez and the governor of Miranda province, Hector Rodriguez, are expected to lead the government delegation, after attending the previous round.
Mr Maduro thanked Norway on Twitter for its mediation efforts.
Previous attempts at mediation between the two Venezuelan sides have failed. However, Norway has in the past successfully mediated in the Colombian armed conflict.

Do protesters support the talks?

The ruling Socialist Party has publicly endorsed the talks, while Mr Guaidó has appeared more cautious.
Many opposition supporters who have spent months trying to push Mr Maduro from power are against the discussions.
They argue that the president has previously used dialogue as a stalling tactic to remain in power while living standards have declined.
Without directly referencing the Norway talks, Mr Guaidó told supporters on Saturday that the opposition would not repeat past errors.
“They will never fool us again with a false dialogue like [in] 2017,” he said. “That’s why today we’re in the streets.”

Many opposition supporters are wary of the talks

How did we get here?

Political tensions in Venezuela escalated after Mr Maduro was sworn in for a second term on 9 January. The elections were widely dismissed as “neither free nor fair”.
On 23 January, Mr Guaidó, the president of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, invoked the constitution to declare himself interim president, arguing that Mr Maduro’s election had been fraudulent.
Dozens of countries, including the US and many European Union members, have recognised him as the legitimate leader of Venezuela.
But Mr Maduro – who is backed by countries including Russia and China, as well as the leaders of Venezuela’s powerful military – has refused to step down.
Mr Guaidó attempted to incite a military uprising on 30 April but only about 30 members of the armed forces joined him.
Mr Maduro has since intensified the crackdown on the opposition, with many lawmakers who supported the failed uprising accused of treason.